Haievsky, Sylvestr [Гаєвський, Сильвестр; Hajevs’kyj, Syl’vestr] (secular name: Stepan), b 9 January 1876 in Mykhyryntsi, Starokostiantyniv county, Volhynia gubernia, d 9 September 1975 in Melbourne. Specialist in Ukrainian studies, pedagogue, and archbishop of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox church (UAOC); full member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society and the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences. He completed philological studies at Kyiv University in 1912. From 1918 to 1919 he served as vice-chancellor and then as director of the general department of the State Chancellery of the Ukrainian National Republic. In 1921 he was appointed professor of Kamianets-Podilskyi Ukrainian State University. He was arrested in 1922 and again in 1932. After his second release he spent two years in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan and then taught at pedagogical institutes in Ukraine. On 16 May 1942 he was consecrated bishop of Lubny Eparchy. In 1949 he immigrated to Australia, where he served as acting bishop and archbishop of the UAOC for Australia and New Zealand until 1963. His chief works are on ‘Aleksandriia’ in Ukrainian literature 'Aleksandriia' v davnii ukraïns’kii literaturi (‘Aleksandriia’ in Old Ukrainian Literature, 1929); on the church hierarchy and structure, Tserkovnyi ustrii v Ukraïni (The Structure of the Church in Ukraine, 1946); on Metropolitan Petro Mohyla, Zapovit Mytropolyta P. Mohyly (The Testament of Metropolitan P. Mohyla, 1947); on Ivan Franko, Frankiv 'Moisei' (Franko's 'Moisei,' 1948); and on the Church Union of Berestia, Beresteis’ka Uniia 1596 roku (The Union of Berestia in 1596, 1963).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1988).]