Mokrytsky, Apollon [Mokryc’kyj], b 12 August 1810 in Pyriatyn, Poltava gubernia, d 8 or 9 March 1870 in Moscow. Painter; full member of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts from 1849. He studied painting under Kapiton Pavlov at the Nizhyn Lyceum and under A. Venetsianov and Karl Briullov in Saint Petersburg (1830–9). After working in Ukraine and visiting Italy he was appointed a professor at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture (1851–70). His paintings, including portraits of Yevhen Hrebinka (1840) and Nikolai Gogol, a self-portrait (1840), and Italian landscapes, are executed in a lucid, realist style. Mokrytsky played an important role in the process of purchasing Taras Shevchenko's freedom; he introduced Shevchenko to influential Russian and Ukrainian intellectuals in Saint Petersburg, in particular, artists Briullov and Venetsianov and poet Vasilii Zhukovsky, who later helped to secure Shevchenko's freedom from serfdom. Mokrytsky left a diary (published in 1975) containing information about Shevchenko.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]