Olsztyn (German: Allenstein). A city (2011 pop 175,420) in northern Poland on the Łyna River and a capital of Warmian-Masurian voivodeship (2006 pop 1,427,091). There is an active branch of the Ukrainian Social and Cultural Society (since 1990 called Association of Ukrainians in Poland) with approximately 100 members, and an active group of Ukrainian students. In 1958 local radio began broadcasting a half-hour Ukrainian program directed by S. Demchuk (pseud Maksym Zaporozhets) once or twice a month. The city also serves as the dissemination point for various imported publications in Ukrainian throughout Poland. The surrounding voivodeship has the highest number (estimated at 50,000–60,000) and concentration of Ukrainians in Poland, most of whom went there as a result of forced resettlement during Operation Wisła in 1947. They live mainly in or around Bartoszyce, Biskupiec, Górowo Iławeckie, Iława, Kętrzyn, Lidzbark, and Morąg.
[This article was updated in 2011.]