Savchenko, Stepan [Савченко, Степан; Savčenko], b 28 December 1889 in Syniavka, Sosnytsia county, Chernihiv gubernia, d 16 January 1942 in Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Literary scholar and educator. A graduate of Kyiv University (1913), from 1917 he taught foreign literature and Romance philology there. He wrote books in Russian on the Russian folktale (1914) and on the origin of the Romance languages (1916). In the 1920s he published articles and reviews of Western literature in Zhyttia i revoliutsiia. He edited, with introductions, Ukrainian editions of works by Anatole France (1925), Romain Rolland (1927), and Guy de Maupassant (10 vols, 1927–30), French 17th-century classics (1931), and other foreign works. A book of his selected writings on foreign literature was published in Kyiv in 1975.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]