Semdor, Semen [Семдор, Семен; pseud of Симон Дорошенко; Symon Doroshenko], b 1888 in the Kherson region, d 12 August 1938 in Simferopol. Actor and director. He began his artistic career in Chibisov's Russian troupe in Oleksandriia (1910–13) and then worked as an actor in the Ruska Besida Theater (1913–14); led an amateur troupe in Katerynoslav (1915–17); and acted in Molodyi Teatr (1918–19), the Shevchenko First Theater of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic (1919–20), the Independent Theater in Zhytomyr (1921–2), and the Franko New Drama Theater (1923–6, with interruptions; see Kyiv Ukrainian Drama Theater). In 1927–32 he was artistic director of a touring theatrical workshop in the Crimea. He staged H. Ibsen's Enemy of the People, K. Wittfogel's Rote Soldaten, and K. Gutzkow's Uriel Acosta.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]