South Russian Union of Workers
South Russian Union of Workers (Південноросійський союз робітників; Pivdennorosiiskyi soiuz robitnykiv). The first revolutionary organization among workingmen in the Russian Empire. It was established in Odesa in October 1875 on the basis of existing workers' clubs or groups and was dedicated specifically to improving labor conditions and generally to changing the political situation in the empire. It had approximately 60 members and was headed by Evgenii Zaslavsky. It organized two strikes in Odesa, and it was in the process of attempting to establish comparable groups in other cities (Kharkiv, Tahanrih, Kerch, Sevastopol, and others) when it was shut down by the police late in 1875. Fifteen of its leading members were arrested.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]