Tartu. A city (2013 pop 98,449) in Estonia, known formerly as Dorpat in German and Yurev in Russian. Its university, founded in 1632, was closed in 1710 and reopened in 1802. In the 19th century numerous Ukrainians studied at the university, and in the 1880s a Ukrainian student hromada was founded there. At its peak the hromada had up to 200 members. It was active until the Revolution of 1917, when its membership hovered between 80 and 100. Its presidents included Mykola Vasylenko and Fedir Matushevsky. At the end of the 19th century a number of Ukrainian professors lectured at the university: Orest Ostrohradsky (financial law), Oleksander Myklashevsky (political economy), A. Tsarevsky (theology), and F. Yevetsky (medicine).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]