Ukrainian school in Polish literature. The term was first used in 1837 by the Polish writer Aleksander Tyszyński and came to be used widely to denote a group of Polish writers and poets of the Romantic era, who used Ukrainian historical subjects, Ukrainian folklore, folk customs, and landscapes in their work. The group included Tymko Padura, Antoni Malczewski, Seweryn Goszczyński, Józef Bohdan Zaleski, Juliusz Słowacki, Wincenty Pol (geographic and ethnographic descriptions of the Ukrainian lands as a part of the Polish Commonwealth in ‘Pieśń o ziemi naszej’ [Song about Our Land]), Michał Czajkowski, Michał Grabowski, Tymon Zaborowski, and Józef Korzeniowski. The traditions of the Ukrainian school were continued in the works of many 20th-century Polish writers, such as Stanisław Vincenz, Jerzy Jędrzejewicz, and Józef Łobodowski.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]
Encyclopedia of Ukraine