Chortomlyk [Чортомлик]. A large Scythian kurhan (20 m high and 350 m in diameter) from the end of the 4th century BC, situated 22 km from Nikopol in Dnipropetrovsk oblast. The burial mound was excavated in 1862–3 by Ivan Zabelin, who discovered in it the burial remains of a Scythian king and queen, their guard or slaves, horse skeletons, and a wealth of gold and silver ornaments and arms. The most valuable find was a silver amphora with a depiction of Scythians taming wild horses. The art objects found in the kurhan are some of the finest examples of ancient Greek jewelry and are preserved at the Hermitage Museum in Saint Petersburg.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]