Rudlovchak, Olena [Рудловчак, Олена; Rudlovčak; née Mykyta], b 1 February 1918 in Mukachevo, Subcarpathian Ruthenia, 16 November 2007 in Prešov, Slovakia. Literary scholar. She received her docent’s diploma at Prague University (1967). She worked as a teacher, an editor, and a playwright and stage director of the Czechoslovak Radio’s Ukrainian studio before becoming a scholarly associate (1960) and the head of research (1967) in the Šafařík University department of Ukrainian language and literature in Prešov. Rudlovchak wrote articles (in Duklia, Naukovyi zbirnyk of the Svydnyk Museum of Ukrainian Culture, and other periodicals and collections) on the history of Ukrainian (especially Transcarpathian) literature, ethnography, journalism, and theater. She wrote a book-length introduction to the 1968 Prešov edition of Oleksander Dukhnovych’s works, and edited anthologies of Ukrainian folk oral literature from the Prešov region (1965) and Transcarpathian poetry to 1945 (1965, with Vasyl Mykytas), a collection of articles on Ukrainians in Czechoslovakia (1973, with M. Hyriak), and two anthologies of 19th-century literature in Transcarpathia (1964, with Yurii Bacha; 1976). An edition of her selected literary scholarship, Bilia dzherel suchasnosti (At the Sources of the Present), was published in 1981.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]