Yurchenko, Petro H.
Yurchenko, Petro H. [Юрченко, Петро; Jurčenko], b 22 August 1900 in Medvyn, Radomysh county, Kyiv gubernia, d 23 June 1972 in Kyiv. Architect and art scholar. He graduated from the Kyiv State Art Institute in 1928, and until 1941 he taught there and at the Kyiv Civil-Engineering Institute (1928–41). He codesigned the Ukrainian Government Building (1927) and Promin apartment subdivision (1929) in Kharkiv and the Kursk Railway Station in Moscow (1932). In Kyiv he designed the second story of the Askoldova Mohyla rotunda (1935) and the amphitheater near it (1936–7). He studied Ukraine’s architectural monuments together with Hryhorii Lohvyn and Yurii Nelhovsky and reconstructed many of them (eg, Adam Kysil’s palace, the Kyiv city hall, and the campanile of Saint Michael's Golden-Domed Monastery). He wrote articles and books on the folk dwellings of Ukraine (1941) and the wooden folk architecture of Ukraine (1949, 1970) and contributed chapters to books on the history of architecture in Ukraine (vol 1, 1957), the history of Ukrainian art (vols 3 and 5, 1968, 1967), and Ukrainian folk art (vol 3, 1962).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]