Acheulean culture (Ашельська культура; Ashelska kultura). An archeological culture of the early Paleolithic Period; it succeeded the Chellean culture. The name is derived from the type site of Saint-Acheul, now a suburb of Amiens in northern France. Acheulean culture spread throughout Europe, Africa, and Asia. It flourished some 400,000–100,000 years ago. Typical of the Acheulean culture was the use of stone implements (hand axes, flake tools). The Homo erectus and early Homo sapiens of the Acheulean culture lived in primitive communities in caves and in the open. They were hunters and gatherers who had discovered the use of fire. Known Acheulean sites in Ukraine are the Kiik-Koba, Zhytomyr, and Luka-Vrublivetska.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]