Badan, Oleksander (Бадан, Олександер), b 1 March 1894 in Vilka Mazovetska, Zhovkva county, Galicia, d 3 November 1937 in Sandarmokh, Karelia region, RSFSR. Political figure and lawyer born in Galicia, a cofounder of the Communist party in Transcarpathia during the 1920s, delegate to the Ninth CP(B)U Congress in Kharkiv in 1925. Banished by the Czechoslovakian government, he emigrated to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1928, where he worked with Mykola Skrypnyk. He was learned secretary of the People's Commissariat of Education and an associate of the Chair of the National Question at the Ukrainian Institute of Marxism-Leninism. After the fall of Skrypnyk Badan was purged as a ‘National Communist’ (see National communism). He wrote Istoriia sotsiial'noho rukhu (The History of the Social Movement, 1923) and Zakarpats'ka Ukraïna: Sotsiial'no-ekonomichnyi narys (Transcarpathian Ukraine: A Socioeconomic Survey, 1929). He was rehabilitated in 1959.
[This article was updated in 2011.]