Cherniakhivsky, Oleksander [Черняхівський, Олександер; Černiaxivs'kyj], b 1 October 1869 in Mazepyntsi, Vasylkiv county, Kyiv gubernia, d 22 December 1939. Husband of Liudmyla Starytska-Cherniakhivska. Physician-histologist, civic leader, professor at Kyiv University and then the Kyiv Medical Institute, where for many years he was chairman of the department of histology. Before the Revolution of 1917 he was a secretary of the Ukrainian Scientific Society. He did research in histology in Madrid and Berlin. In 1926 he founded a school of Ukrainian histologists. In his department he established a large collection of his own, unique, histological preparations. He wrote many scientific works on various problems of histology and a dictionary of medical terminology. He was chairman of the medical section of the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences in 1927 and a full member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society. At the trial of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine in 1930, he was sentenced to five years of strict solitary confinement. His consequent fate is unknown.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]