Chernihiv College. (Photo: Chernihiv College.) One of the oldest secondary schools in Ukraine, the Chernihiv College was established in 1700 on the model of the Kyivan Mohyla Academy by the archbishop of Chernihiv, Ioan Maksymovych. It was generously supported by Hetman Ivan Mazepa. The college replaced the Slavonic-Latin school that had been moved to Chernihiv from Nizhyn. It had a six-year program and provided a general education (no theology or philology classes). The students were mostly the sons of priests (in 1743–4, 78 out of 253 students) and Cossacks. In 1776 the college was reorganized into a theological seminary, which functioned until 1917.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]