Chortomlyk Sich (Chortomlytska sich), also known as the Old Sich. The seat of the Zaporozhian Sich established in 1652 on the Chortomlyk cape at the junction of the Dnieper River and its tributaries the Chortomlyk River, the Pidpilna River, and the Skarban River (today near the village of Kapulivka, Nykopil raion, Dnipropetrovsk oblast). It stood until 25 May 1709, when it was destroyed by the Russian army as punishment for Kost Hordiienko's support of Ivan Mazepa's struggle for independence. After 1709 the Cossacks tried to re-establish the Sich at the Kamianka River, but because of Peter I's hostility they retreated to territory controlled by the Crimean Khanate, where they built the Oleshky Sich in 1711.
Apanovych, Olena. Chortomlyts’ka Zaporoz’ka Sich: Do 345-ii richnytsi zruinuvannia (Kyiv 1998)
[This article was revised in 2009.]