Circle of Ukrainian Women
Circle of Ukrainian Women [Кружок українок; Kruzhok ukrainok]. Known as the Circle of Ukrainian Girls until 1905, the circle was founded in 1901 in Lviv to serve the needs of young women for self-education. The circle worked towards the establishment of secondary schools for females (see Education of women). It published Konstantyna Malytska’s book Pro zhinochyi rukh (About the Women’s Movement, Lviv 1904) and a women’s newspaper, the semimonthly Meta, in 1908. Its first head was N. Budzynovska, followed by Dariia Starosolska, S. Danylevych, I. Sichynska, M. Nehrebetska, and O. Ozarkevych. In 1909 the circle merged with the Club of Ruthenian Women to form the Women's Hromada in Lviv.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]