Lupul, Manoly (Robert) [Лупул, Манолій], b 14 August 1927 in Willingdon, Alberta. Historian, educator, and community leader. A graduate of the University of Alberta, the University of Minnesota, and Harvard University (PH D, 1963), he taught educational foundations and Canadian educational history at the University of Alberta from 1958. He became a leading figure in the Ukrainian Canadian Professional and Business Federation and played a major role in the establishment of the Ukrainian-English bilingual program in Alberta schools (1974) (see Ukrainian bilingual education) and the creation of the Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies (CIUS). As the Institute's first director (1976–86) he was instrumental in setting the direction of Ukrainian studies in Canada at a critical juncture in its development and in involving CIUS in its most ambitious venture, the preparation of the Encyclopedia of Ukraine. He was also active in promoting multicultural policy in Canada as prairie regional chairperson and national vice-chairperson of the Canadian Consultative Council on Multiculturalism (1973–9) and in searching out new directions for Ukrainian-Canadian development as a key member and first chairperson (1982–3) of the Ukrainian Community Development Committee. He is the author of The Roman Catholic Church and the North-West School Question, 1875–1905 (1974) and editor of five major collections on Ukrainian-Canadian themes, including A Heritage in Transition (1982). His reminiscences appeared in 2005 as The Politics of Multiculturalism: A Ukrainian-Canadian Memoir. He was inducted into the Order of Canada in 2003.
Danylo Husar Struk
[This article was updated in 2014.]