Prut Treaty of 1711
Prut Treaty of 1711. A Russo-Turkish treaty concluded on 22 July 1711 at the Prut River near Iaşi, where the Russian army, led into Moldavia by Emperor Peter I, was encircled by a superior Ottoman force. The treaty's provisions were unfavorable to Russia. In exchange for being allowed to withdraw peacefully from Moldavia Peter agreed to return the recently conquered city of Azov (Oziv) and to destroy the newly constructed Russian fortresses of Tahanrih (Taganrog), Kamianyi Zaton, and Novobogoroditskaia, near the mouth of the Samara River, and others on the Don River and the Dniester River. He was also forced to agree not to interfere in Polish affairs and to guarantee safe passage to King Charles XII during the king's return to Sweden. Disputes over alleged violations of the treaty resulted in the signing of other accords on 16 April 1712 and 24 April 1713, which obligated Russia to withdraw its armies from Right-Bank Ukraine.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]