Storozhenko, Mykola I.
Storozhenko, Mykola I. [Стороженко, Микола; Storoženko; Николай; Nikolai], b 22 May 1836 in Irzhavets, Pryluka county, Poltava gubernia, d 25 January 1906 in Moscow. Literary scholar; corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences from 1899. He graduated from Moscow University (1860) and taught at the Alexandrian Military School and the First Moscow Gymnasium. He was the first professor of the history of world literature at Moscow University (from 1872). He was also chief librarian at the Rumiantsev Museum (1893–1902) and chairman of the Society of Devotees of Russian Literature (1894–1901). An adherent of the cultural-historical school, he wrote on Western European, Russian, and Ukrainian literature and was the first Shakespearean scholar in the Russian Empire. Among his many works are books on J. Lilly and C. Marlowe (1872), R. Greene (1878; English trans 1881), and William Shakespeare (1902), and 11 articles about Taras Shevchenko, most of them in Kievskaia starina. A book of his selected literary articles and lectures appeared in Moscow in 1902, and an early Ukrainian version of his popular history of Western European literature to the end of the 18th century (1908; 4th edn 1916) was published in Lviv in 1905. A festschrift in his honor (1902) has a bibliography of his works. I. Borozdin’s book about Storozhenko was published in Moscow in 1916.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]