Usatove culture

Usatove culture [Усатівська культура; usativska kultura]. A Neolithic culture of the late 3rd millennium BC that existed in southwestern Ukraine along the lower Dnister River and the area near the Dnister Estuary. It takes its name from a site excavated by Mykhailo Boltenko in Odesa oblast in 1921. Although classified as a late Trypilian culture, the Usatove culture had developed enough distinctive cultural traits through contact with steppe tribes, northern Caucasia, and the Mediterranean world to be considered a separate archeological entity. Its people engaged in animal husbandry and fishing and (to a lesser degree) agriculture. Excavations at sites revealed surface dwellings with stone walls, pottery with corded and painted ornamentation, earthenware figurines of women, and copper weapons and adornments. Eighteen Usatove kurhans, surrounded by cromlechs, have been unearthed. The deceased were buried in a flexed position on their sides; tribal leaders were in the central chambers of the structures. Common grave goods included weapons and adornments.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]

List of related links from Encyclopedia of Ukraine pointing to Usatove culture entry:

A referral to this page is found in 1 entry.

Click Home to get to the IEU Home page; to contact the IEU editors click Contact.
To learn more about IEU click About IEU and to view the list of donors and to become an IEU supporter click Donors.  

©2001 All Rights Reserved. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies.