Petrytsky, Anatol [Петрицький, Анатоль; Petryc’kyj, Anatol’], b 31 January 1895 in Kyiv, d 6 March 1964 in Kyiv. Ukrainian painter and stage designer. He studied at the Kyiv Art School (1912–17) and the Advanced Artistic Theatrical Workshop in Moscow (1922–4) and worked as stage designer in the Molodyi Teatr (1916–19) and the Shevchenko First Theater of the Ukrainian Soviet Republic. In 1925–41 he continued to design in Ukrainian operatic and drama theaters in Kharkiv, Kyiv, and Odessa. He also designed sets for performances in the Moscow Bolshoi and Malyi theaters, in 1942–3 in the Opera Theater in Alma-Ata, and in 1945–59 (with interruptions) in the Kyiv Theater of Opera and Ballet.
Petrytsky's early work, particularly his painting, was influenced by cubism and futurism. As a stage designer he was an adherent of theatrical conventionality and readily employed Ukrainian popular print and ornamentation. In Vertep he created stylized costumes for actors who appeared in the puppet show; in Ostap Vyshnia's Vii he united screens with stylized costumes. From 1930 he specialized mostly in design for opera and ballet (Mykola Lysenko's Taras Bulba, Kostiantyn Dankevych's Lileia [The Lily], and Modest Mussorgsky's Sorochyntsi Fair). Even under pressure to adhere to norms of socialist realism he preserved a national coloring in his theater and dance (State Dance Ensemble of the Ukrainian SSR) work (see State Dance Ensemble of Ukraine). Petrytsky was also a renowned portraitist, painter, and graphic artist. Albums of his art works were published in Kyiv in 1968 and 1991.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 3 (1993).]
Encyclopedia of Ukraine