Zhluktenko, Yurii

Zhluktenko, Yurii [Жлуктенко, Юрій; Žluktenko, Jurij], b 31 August 1915 in Oleksandrivka, Novomoskovsk county, Katerynoslav guberbnia, d 4 February 1990 in Kyiv. Linguist and translator. After graduating from Kyiv University (1946) he completed his graduate studies at the Moscow Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages (1954) and lectured at the Kyiv Polytechnical Institute and the Kyiv Institute of the National Economy, and served as dean of the Faculty of Romance-Germanic Philology (1968–75) and chairman of the English philology department, which he developed, at Kyiv University. In 1975–80 he chaired the Romance-Germanic linguistic section he had helped found at the Institute of Linguistics of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. He was one of the founders of comparative and social linguistics in Ukraine. Specializing in English-Ukrainian linguistic relations, he wrote books on the comparative grammar of English and Ukrainian (1960), Ukrainian contacts with English in the United States of America and Canada (1964), and the Ukrainian language in Canada (1990), and cowrote a book on the comparative grammar of English, Ukrainian, and Russian (1981) and on English neologisms (1983). Many of his articles deal with the syntactic and lexical influence of English on the mother tongue of Ukrainian immigrants in North America. As an educator he coauthored a textbook on Ukrainian for foreign students (1973, 1978) and edited a collection of articles on foreign-language teaching methods (1979). He was a founder (1979) of the translation periodical Teoriia i praktyka perekladu and translated Frisian prose and poetry into Ukrainian (Vsesvit, 1983, 1984).

Taras Zakydalsky

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]

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