Kamiana Mohyla [Кам’яна Могила]. A knoll of sandstone deposits from the Miocene epoch resembling a large kurhan, situated near Terpinnia, Melitopol raion, Zaporizhia oblast. Beneath it 65 caves have been discovered to date containing ancient petroglyphs of wild bulls, wolves, horses, and other animals, human beings, and geometric patterns dating back to the Upper Paleolithic Period, the Mesolithic Period, and the Bronze Age, when this was a site of religious worship. The first caves were discovered by Nikolai Veselovsky in 1890 and were investigated in 1936–8, the 1950s, the 1970s. A major monograph on Kamiana Mohyla by Mykhailo Rudynsky was published in 1961. Between 1983 and 2006 extensive excavations of the site were conducted by archeologist Borys Mykhailov who discovered numerous new caves and grottos. It is estimated that the oldest petroglyphs in Kamiana Mohyla date back to 22nd millennium BC. Neolithic campsites were also excavated nearby.
Rudnyts'kyi, Mykhailo. Kam’iana Mohyla (Kyiv 1961)
[This article was updated in 2016.]