Kaniv Reservoir. (Map: Kaniv Reservoir.) A reservoir created in 1972 by the dams of the Kaniv Hydroelectric Station on the Dnieper River. It is 162 km long and up to 5 km wide and has a surface area of 675 sq km, a volume of 2.6 cu km, and an average depth of 5.5 m. Together with the Kakhivka Reservoir, the Dnieper Reservoir, the Dniprodzerzhynsk Reservoir, the Kremenchuk Reservoir, and the Kyiv Reservoir it has created a deep-water route on the Dnieper, allowing sea ships to sail upstream as far as the Prypiat River.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 2 (1989).]