Shramchenko, Leontii [Шрамченко, Леонтій; Šramčenko, Leontij], b 17 November 1877 in Oleshivka, Chernihiv county, Chernihiv gubernia, d 21 June 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland. Economist, political activist, and educator. After graduating in law from Moscow University (1907) he worked as a zemstvo statistician in Chernihiv and Tbilisi (1910–17). In 1918 he was delegated by the Ukrainian Transcaucasian Territorial Council to the Ukrainian National Union. In the following year he served in the government of the Ukrainian National Republic as deputy economics minister in Borys Martos’s government and as state secretary under Prime Minister Isaak Mazepa. He taught statistics at the Ukrainian Husbandry Academy in Poděbrady from 1922 and at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague from 1930. After being promoted to the rank of full professor in 1934, he served as dean of the law and social sciences faculty at the Ukrainian Free University (1937–45), dean of the economics department at the Ukrainian Technical and Husbandry Institute (1947), and director of the Ukrainian Institute of Sociology (1935–40). He wrote two statistics textbooks (1936) and studies of several Ukrainian statisticians, among them Fedir Shcherbyna (1929) and Oleksander Rusov (1938).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]