Society of Friends of Ukrainian Scholarship, Literature, and Art
Society of Friends of Ukrainian Scholarship, Literature, and Art (Tovarystvo prykhylnykiv ukrains’koi nauky, literatury i shtuky). A society founded on the initiative of Mykhailo Hrushevsky and Ivan Trush in Lviv in 1904. It united scholars, writers, and artists from Russian-ruled and Western Ukraine and popularized their work. In 1904 it organized a summer school for students from Russian-ruled Ukraine, where were offered courses in Ukrainian literature (taught by Ivan Franko), the history of Ukraine (Hrushevsky), anthropology (Fedir Vovk), Ukrainian language (Ivan Bryk), the history of socialism (Mykola Hankevych), and the history of Galicia (Kyrylo Studynsky). In 1905 it sponsored the All-Ukrainian Exhibition of Art and Crafts in Lviv. The society also published several books. Although its activities slowly waned, the society continued to exist until the First World War. Its long-time president was Hrushevsky, and its secretaries were Trush and Mykhailo Mochulsky. Among its more prominent members were Franko, Mykola Arkas, Mykola Lysenko, Volodymyr Hnatiuk, Fotii Krasytsky, Yuliian Pankevych, and Mykhailo Boichuk.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 4 (1993).]