Zaklynsky, Rostyslav [Заклинський, Ростислав; Zaklyns'kyj; pseudonym: Viun], b 20 October 1887 in Stanyslaviv, Galicia, d 18 September 1974 in Lviv. Literary scholar and publicist; son of Roman Zaklynsky and brother of Kornylo R. Zaklynsky and Bohdan Zaklynsky. He was active in the Ukrainian Radical party. From 1910 he contributed to Lviv periodicals, such as Hromads’kyi holos, Shliakhy, and Iliustrovana Ukraïna, and he was an editor of the dailies Nove zhyttia (Stanyslaviv) (1918–19) and Narod (Stanyslaviv) (1919). From 1920 on he lived in Soviet Ukraine. He taught in postsecondary schools in Kamianets-Podilskyi and Kyiv and belonged to the writers' group Zakhidnia Ukraina. He contributed articles about Galician writers and book reviews to journals such as Zhyttia i revoliutsiia and Zakhidnia Ukraïna. In 1933 he was arrested and sent to a labor camp in the Soviet Arctic. He was released in 1946, and returned to Lviv. He continued to teach in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast (from 1948 to 1956) and in Lviv (from 1957).
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]