Verbytsky, Mykhailo

Image - Mykhailo Verbytsky monument in Yavoriv, Lviv oblast.

Verbytsky, Mykhailo [Вербицький, Михайло; Verbyc’kyj, Myxajlo], b 1815 in Uliuch, Sianik circle, Galicia, d 7 December 1870 in Mlyny, Yavoriv county, Galicia. Composer, conductor, and Catholic priest. Typical of the semiprofessional composers in 19th-century Galicia, he studied in the Peremyshl Cathedral Music School with A. Nanke and later took private lessons with F. Lorenz. He is best known for composing the Ukrainian national anthem Shche ne vmerla Ukraïna (Ukraine Has Not Yet Perished, to a text by Pavlo Chubynsky). His other significant contributions consist of church music for mixed and male choir; music for 18 plays, operettas, and vaudevilles; a number of overtures and polonaises for orchestra; and choral music to texts by Taras Shevchenko, Ivan Hushalevych, Yurii Fedkovych, and Markiian Shashkevych.

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]

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