Vetukhiv, Oleksa [Ветухів, Олекса; Vetuxiv], b 27 March 1869 in Ternova, Vovchansk county, Kharkiv gubernia, d 1941 in Kharkiv. Ethnographer and linguist; father of Mykhailo Vetukhiv. A student of Oleksander Potebnia, in the 1920s he was a professor at the Kharkiv Institute of People's Education and director of the ethnography and regional studies section of the Department of the History of Ukrainian Culture. He belonged to the Kharkiv Historical-Philological Society and the Potebnia Committee. His special interests were the dialects of Slobidska Ukraine and methodology. His chief work was Zagovory, zaklinaniia, oberegi i drugie vidy narodnogo vrachevaniia, osnovannye na vere v silu slova (Charms, Incantations, Precautions, and Other Forms of Folk Healing Based on Faith in the Power of the Word, 2 vols, 1902, 1907). He also wrote many articles and several textbooks in linguistics, in which he propagated Potebnia’s ideas.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]