Bukovyna. The largest Ukrainian newspaper in Bukovyna, published in 1885–1918; the unofficial organ of the Bukovynian populists (see Western Ukrainian Populism). It appeared in the vernacular Ukrainian, adopting the phonetic orthography in 1888. Bukovyna was published in Chernivtsi and in Vienna (1915–17), originally twice a month until 1892; then weekly until 1895, four times a week in 1895–6, then daily until 1898, and three times a week from 1898 to 1910. It ceased publication in 1911–12 to resume in 1913–14 three times weekly under the title Nova Bukovyna. From 1915 to 1917 it was a weekly and in 1918 a daily. Bukovyna was edited by Yurii Fedkovych (1885–8), P. Kyrchiv (1888), S. Dashkevych (1888–94), Vasyl Dutchak (1894–5), Osyp Makovei (1895–7), L. Turbatsky (1897–8), Lev Kohut, Denys Lukiianovych, Osyp Shpytko, Vasyl Simovych, Yaroslav Veselovsky, Antin Krushelnytsky (1904–6), Ostap Lutsky, Vasyl Shchurat, V. Fedorovych, Volodymyr Kushnir, Yurii Serbyniuk, and others. The politics of the paper were determined by Omelian Popovych and Stepan Smal-Stotsky (a series of articles entitled ‘Polityka real’na’ [A Realistic Policy], 1896). Such writers as Oleksander Konysky, Borys Hrinchenko (‘Lysty z Ukraïny Naddniprians’koï’ [Letters from Dnipro Ukraine], 1892–3, which provoked a reply by Mykhailo Drahomanov), Ivan Franko, Ahatanhel Krymsky, Mykhailo Kotsiubynsky, Osyp Makovei, Olha Kobylianska (Tsarivna [The Princess]), and Marko Cheremshyna published their works and articles in Bukovyna. The newspaper played an important role in the development of national consciousness in Bukovyna and contained valuable materials on the history of the territory.
Franko, I. ‘Realisty chy karyierysty,’ Zhytie i slovo, 1896, no. 5
Vernyvolia, V. ‘Bukovyna (u 50-littia zasnovyn),’ Zhyttia i znannia, 8, no. 2 (1935)
Zhukovs’kyi, A. ‘Bukovyna,’ in Bukovyna, ïï mynule i suchasne (Paris–Philadelphia–Detroit 1956)
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]