Trotsky, Mykola

Trotsky, Mykola [Троцький, Микола; Troc'kyj; pseudonyms: M. Danko, Mykola Druhy, M. Slavhorodsky, M. Bradovych], b 1883 in Lutsk, Volhynia gubernia, d 6 November 1971 in Geneva, Switzerland. Journalist, writer, and political figure. To avoid imprisonment by the tsarist authorities for political activity, he fled abroad in 1909. He was the Vienna correspondent of the newspaper Rada (Kyiv) from 1910, and he contributed to periodicals in other cities, such as Ukrainische Rundschau, Dilo, Nash holos (Lviv), Moloda Ukraïna, Ukrainskaia zhizn’, Maiak (Kyiv), and Literaturno-naukovyi vistnyk. A leading member of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine, he coedited its Vistnyk Soiuza vyzvolennia Ukraïny and Ukrainische Nachrichten and wrote its brochures. He served as secretary of the mission of the Ukrainian National Republic in Vienna (1918–22), published the anti-Soviet monthly Die Völkerbrücke (1931), and from 1932 ran the Ukrainian Information Bureau in Geneva. After the Second World War he contributed to the émigré press and published the novelettes Chuzhynoiu (In a Foreign Land, 1947), Na Moskvu (Against Moscow, 1951), and Ideia i chyn (The Idea and the Deed, 1952) and the publicistic works Odna natsiia—odna tserkva (One Nation—One Church, 1950) and Derzhava bez natsiï (A State without a Nation, 1952).

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]

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