Alchevsk [Алчевськ; Alchčevs'k]. Map: V-19, DB Map: Luhansk oblast. It was established in 1895 as a workers' settlement Yuriivka of the Donetsko-Yurievske Metallurgical Company. Renamed after Oleksii Alchevsky, it was called Alchevske until 1931. Renamed to Voroshylovsk from 1931 to 1961, it was renamed again to Komunarsk in 1961, and assumed its present name in 1991. Built around the Donetsko-Yurievske metallurgical plant (today Alchevsk Metallurgical Complex), Alchevsk became one of the largest metallurgical centers in the Donbas. Building systems and materials, coke-chemical products, clothing, and food products are also manufactured there. The Donbas State Technical University and museums of history, the history of metallurgy, and geology and mineralogy are located in the city. The city has grown substantially in the Soviet period. In 1923 it had a population of only 9,300.
[This article was updated in 2012.]