Biletsky, Leonid

Biletsky, Leonid [Білецький, Леонід; Bilec'kyj], b 5 May 1882 in Lytvynivtsi, Kyiv gubernia, d 5 February 1955 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Literary historian and critic, specialist on the life and works of Taras Shevchenko. Biletsky graduated from Kyiv University in 1913 and began his teaching career as a docent at Kamianets-Podilskyi Ukrainian State University in 1918. From 1923 to 1933 he taught in Prague at the Ukrainian Higher Pedagogical Institute and from 1925 at the Ukrainian Free University. He received a PH D from Charles University in Prague in 1938. In 1945 he emigrated to Ulm, Germany, and in 1949 to Winnipeg, where he worked at the Ukrainian Cultural and Educational Centre and as an editor of Ukraïns'kyi holos. Biletsky was a member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society and vice-president of the Ukrainian Free Academy of Sciences in Canada. He is the author of many articles on literary theory and Ukrainian writers and scholars. His books include: Osnovy literaturno-naukovoï krytyky (Foundations of Literary-Scholarly Criticism, 1927), Istoriia ukraïns'koï literatury (History of Ukrainian Literature, 1947), Viruiuchyi Shevchenko (Shevchenko the Believer, 1949), and Try syl'vetky (Three Silhouettes, on Marko Vovchok, Olha Kobylianska, and Lesia Ukrainka, 1951). He also edited and annotated Shevchenko's Kobzar (4 vols, 1952–4).

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]

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