Buchma, Amvrosii

Image - Amvrosii Buchma as a young actor of the Ruska Besida theatre. Image - Amvrosii Buchma Image - Amvrosii Buchma as Jimmy Higgins in the Berezil production (1923). Image - Avmrosii Buchma in the film Night Coachman.

Buchma, Amvrosii [Бучма, Амвросій; Bučma, Amvrosij], b 14 March 1891 in Lviv, d 6 January 1957 in Kyiv. Prominent stage and screen actor, director, and teacher. Buchma began his stage career at the Ruska Besida Theater in Lviv in 1910. In 1917 he studied at the Lysenko Music and Drama School in Kyiv. In 1920 he worked in the Kyiv Ukrainian Drama Theater and in 1923–6 in the Berezil theater, where he played such memorable roles as Jimmie Higgins in an adaptation of U. Sinclair's novel, Leiba in an adaptation of Taras Shevchenko's Haidamaky (The Haidamakas), Jean in Prosper Mérimée's La Jacquerie, and the Fool in William Shakespeare's Macbeth. At the same time he became a film actor and later left the theater to devote himself solely to the cinema (1926–30). The main roles in which he appeared in these years were those of Jimmie Higgins, Mykola Dzheria, Taras Shevchenko, Taras Triasylo (in films of the same titles), the leading role of Hordii in Nichnyi viznyk (The Night Coachman) and the German soldier in Oleksander Dovzhenko's Arsenal. In 1930–6 Buchma returned to the Berezil theater (called the Kharkiv Ukrainian Drama Theater from 1935), now in Kharkiv, and played such roles as Dudar in Ivan Mykytenko's Dyktatura (The Dictatorship), Puzyr in Ivan Karpenko-Kary's Khaziain (The Master), and Haidai and Krechet in Oleksander Korniichuk's Zahybel’ eskadry (The Destruction of the Squadron) and Platon Krechet. From 1936 to 1954 Buchma worked as an actor and director in the Kyiv Ukrainian Drama Theater and in film. His was one of the best portrayals of Mykola Zadorozhny in Ivan Franko's Ukradene shchastia (Stolen Happiness).

Buchma played in over 200 different roles. He depicted comic, dramatic, and tragic figures equally well. He directed the film Za stinoiu (Behind the Wall, 1928) and the play Nazar Stodolia at the Kyiv Ukrainian Drama Theater in 1942 (he also co-directed this play with Leontii Dubovyk in 1951) and co-directed Ivan Kotliarevsky's Natalka Poltavka (Natalka from Poltava) at the Kyiv Theater of Opera and Ballet with Volodymyr Manzii in 1951. From 1940 Buchma lectured at the Kyiv Institute of Theater Arts and in 1946–8 was the artistic director of the Kyiv Artistic Film Studio.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Burevii, K. Amvrosii Buchma (Kharkiv 1933)
Piskun, I. A.M. Buchma (Kyiv 1956)
Babyshkin, O. Amvrosii Buchma v kino (Kyiv 1966)
Kosach, Iu. Amvrosii Buchma (Kyiv 1978)

Valerian Revutsky

[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]


Image - Scene from the Berezil theatre's production (1923) of Upton Sinclair's Jimmy Higgins. Image - Amvrosii Buchma as Terentii Puzyr in Ivan Karpenko-Kary's The Master. Image - Amvrosii Buchma as Mykola Zadorozhnyi in Ivan Franko's Stolen Happiness. Image - Amvrosii Buchma in the film Mykola Dzheria. Image - Amvrosii Buchma in the film Taras Shevchenko. Image - Amvrosii Buchma as Jimmy Higgins in the Berezil production (1923). Image - Amvrosii Buchma as the Fool (Porter) in Les Kurbas production of Macbeth in Berezil (1924). Image - Amvrosii Buchma, Hnat Yura, and Nataliia Uzhvii (Moscow, 1941).


List of related links from Encyclopedia of Ukraine pointing to Buchma, Amvrosii entry:


A referral to this page is found in 8 entries.



Click Home to get to the IEU Home page; to contact the IEU editors click Contact.
To learn more about IEU click About IEU and to view the list of donors and to become an IEU supporter click Donors.  
 

©2001 All Rights Reserved. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies.