Sulyma, Mykola [Сулима, Микола], b 27 August 1892 in Huliai-Pole, Zmiiv county, Kharkiv gubernia, d 1955 in a GULAG concentration camp in RSFSR. Linguist. A professor at the Kharkiv Institute of People's Education in the 1920s and early 1930s, he played a role in the establishment of Standard Ukrainian syntactic norms. He wrote a survey history of Ukrainian literature (1923), a brochure (1927) and lectures (1928) on the history of the Ukrainian language, a book on Ukrainian phrases (1928), and articles on Ukrainian syntax, word formation, phraseology, and vocabulary and on the language of Taras Shevchenko, Lesia Ukrainka, Arkhyp Teslenko, and Mykola Khvylovy. Accused in 1934 of propagating ‘Ukrainian bourgeois nationalism in syntax,’ he was purged and dismissed from his job. He was later arrested and sent to a labor camp, where he perished.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 5 (1993).]