Alushta [Alušta]. Map: IX-15. City (2001 pop 31,440) in the Crimea, on the Crimean southern shore. Alushta has resorts, sanatoriums, and beaches. It was founded in the 6th century AD on the site of the fortress Aluston, built during the reign of the Byzantine emperor Justinian. It was ruled by Genoa from the 14th century, by the Turks from 1475, and by Russia from 1783. Since 1954 the city has been located within the Ukrainian borders.
[This article originally appeared in the Encyclopedia of Ukraine, vol. 1 (1984).]